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女性手腳發涼可能是疾病信號 

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女性手腳發涼可能是疾病信號 

   保健新知
  氣溫驟然下降,很多人尤其是一些女性朋友手腳發涼的毛病又犯了。醫生提醒,別對這種情況毫不在意。

  手腳發涼可能是疾病信號
  雷諾現象多見於中、青年女性。典型表現為雙手指(足趾)末端在受涼後出現發白、發涼,然後變紫、變紅,最後又可恢復正常。其原因是手指(足趾)末端小動脈痙攣。當它屬於原發病時,稱“雷諾病”;若為繼發,則稱“雷諾現象”。引起雷諾現象的疾病有硬皮病、皮肌炎、紅斑狼瘡、血栓閉塞性脈管炎、結節性多動脈炎。

  多發性大動脈炎,多發生于青年女性。多發性大動脈炎常常累及多處大、中動脈,例如主動脈、腹主動脈、頭臂動脈、上下肢動脈。若發生於下肢,則出現下肢發涼。血栓閉塞性脈管炎,中醫稱為“脫疽”,多發生于中年男性。早期表現為小腿和足部皮膚發涼,皮色蒼白或青紫,行走時疼痛,酸脹,稍事休息後可以緩解。當病情進一步發展時,則會出現患肢皮膚乾燥、肌肉萎縮、疼痛加重,夜間尤為明顯。當有上述症狀發生時,應引起高度重視,並及時到醫院接受檢查、治療。

  除了上述病狀以外,一般情況下,人手腳發涼,可能是患上了“手足寒症”。出現手腳發涼症狀的人群中,女性占絕大多數。這是因為月經和生育所引起的激素變化會對自主神經系統造成一定影響,而這種自主神經系統的敏感會導致皮下血管收縮和血液流量減少,從而引發寒症。40歲以上雌激素不足的更年期女性、生育後的產婦或患有心臟功能異常、甲狀腺功能低下、營養失調、貧血、低血壓、骨盆炎的患者普遍存在手腳發涼的症狀。

  另外,精神壓力過大、心理過分敏感、平時過度操心、時常心神不安的人也是手足寒症的高發人群。這種情況下,應該首先讓內心平靜下來,而後接受藥物治療。手腳發涼的人應該改善生活習慣,加強體育鍛煉。尤其是久坐或久立的人,必須重視工間操,多做手足和腰部的活動,以加強血液迴圈。多補充維生素B1和B12,食用富含鐵和維生素F的牛骨湯、牛肝、豆類、牛奶等食物也有助於改善症狀。

  藥方:多吃溫暖補湯
  大棗生薑湯:主要原料為大棗、生薑、紅糖,具體做法是大棗10個、生薑5片、紅糖適量,煎湯代茶飲,每日1次,堅持服用。經常喝大棗生薑湯之所以能改善手腳發涼的症狀是因為大棗性味甘溫,具有補中益氣、養血安神的作用,生薑性味辛溫,具有溫中止嘔、解表散寒的作用,二者合用,可充分發揮姜辛溫而行,棗甘溫而補之意,共同促進氣血的流通,全身的血液迴圈也就得到了相應的改善,手腳自然也就隨之溫暖起來。

  薑絲爆羊肉:羊肉切成薄片,生薑切成細絲。鍋內加油少許,起旺火,待油冒青煙時,入花椒、八角,炸出香味,入薑絲略炒,加入羊肉片翻炒,加入鹽、味精,出鍋時淋麻油即可。
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