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assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 如何陪小朋友吃飯的問與答 - 親子 - 噓!論壇 _ 無忌的論壇 ~ 歡迎芝麻小事,別聊國家大事 ~

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如何陪小朋友吃飯的問與答

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如何陪小朋友吃飯的問與答

[B][color="Red"]問題一:邊吃邊玩[/B]

我的兒子今年五歲了,非常活潑可愛,可是每逢吃飯就讓我們束手無策。他從來都不好好坐下吃飯,要麼是邊吃邊玩,要麼邊看電視邊吃飯,為了讓他吃飯,我每次都得跟在他後面邊跑邊餵,經常是吃一頓飯需要花費兩個小時。


[B][color="DarkOrchid"]原因分析:[/B]

孩子邊吃邊玩的不良習慣的養成有很多原因,但在很大程度上是因為父母沒有科學地餵養孩子,比如孩子早已吃飽了,父母卻要求孩子一定要把定量完成或再添飯;還有的父母過分遷就孩子,孩子想怎麼樣就怎樣;有的父母沒有為孩子建立有節奏的生活習慣,孩子玩得正在興頭上的時候硬拉著孩子去吃飯;更有的家庭沒有對孩子進行良好的餐桌禮儀教育等。

[B][color="darkorchid"]對症下藥:[/B]

孩子到三歲左右,就引導他乖乖地坐著吃飯,不可邊吃邊玩。

孩子吃飽了,就不要再硬塞給他吃。

家庭成員都共同遵守餐桌規矩,例如大家關注誰還沒坐到餐桌邊,讓孩子感受到不光是在用餐,還能愉快地享受用餐時光,圍著餐桌邊吃邊交流情感。

進餐時盡可能排除引發孩子玩的因素,並盡可能將看電視與吃飯時間錯開。這也需要父母能以身作則。



[B][color="red"]問題二:挑食[/B]

我女兒四歲,特別喜歡喝飲料,吃零食,一到吃飯就挑三撿四,許多食物都不吃,比如胡蘿卜、雞蛋黃等,結果是人長得特別瘦小。


[B][color="darkorchid"]原因分析:[/B]

孩子挑食從某種程度上說是孩子“自我意識”發展的一種表現,說明孩子開始學著自己作決定,想按照自己的喜好來選擇食物。如果孩子因身體原因(不適或胃口不好),偶爾對某種食物有過反感或不良的體驗,有可能會造成對某種食物的拒絕。成人如果在孩子飲食上過度遷就也會養成孩子的挑食。孩子的飲食習慣很大程度上是沿襲家庭的飲食習慣,所以當孩子挑食的時候,父母要想想自己是否挑食?

[B][color="darkorchid"]對症下藥: [/B]

1. 讓孩子有選擇的自由,與大人一樣,選擇食物也有好惡之分。

可以允許孩子有一定的選擇權。如何讓孩子選擇呢?在此提供幾個小絕招:

營造溫馨用餐氣氛,共同布置餐桌,讓孩子選擇安排餐具、座位。進餐時有輕鬆的交流。

對某一食物挑食,母親可以採用一些建議的口吻或說話技巧(例:先吃什麼後吃什麼,吃三口或兩口,可以和某種菜混在一起吃),但是允許選擇決不是迎合孩子的挑食。有些父母常常事先徵求孩子的意見,問他想吃什麼好菜,這無疑是教他學會挑食。允許選擇一般是在孩子自己提出不願吃的時候。

2. 如果孩子因身體的原因引起食欲和胃口的變化,千萬不要在孩子面前表現出過分擔心和著急,細心觀察,調整飲食,過一階段自然會好的。

3. 時常啟發孩子對食物的興趣。

可以用小故事啟發孩子,例:某某就是吃了什麼,才長得高,成了冠軍;某某動畫明星,很喜歡吃雞蛋才有本事。或者父母用讚賞的表情誘發孩子食欲。

4. 細心的母親在食物設計和烹飪技巧上要盡可能有變化。

當孩子不喜歡某種食物時要分析烹飪中是否有問題,例如,不要一連幾天重復同一種食物,食物一定要有變化,可以將孩子喜歡的食物和不喜歡的食物搭配起來。

5. 因人而異、因勢利導、及時鼓勵。在孩子食欲好的時候糾正挑食。



[B][color="red"]問題三:吃飯少 [/B]

我的兒子三歲,吃飯經常沒有食欲,對任何食物都不感興趣,每次吃飯都是例行公事般地吃幾口,想盡種種辦法哄、騙、鼓勵他,都見效不大,我們到醫院看過醫生,醫生說孩子沒有大問題,讓孩子吃了一些開胃的藥,好像也不見效。


[B][color="darkorchid"]原因分析:[/B]

運動量不足,消耗少,缺乏饑餓感。

零食和飲料吃得過多,對正餐沒有興趣。

確實是胃口小,同時,孩子在生長中也存在著階段性的調整,例如三歲孩子會出現一段時期的食欲較小,屬生理性的調整。

[B][color="darkorchid"]對症下藥:[/B]

1. 讓孩子決定自己的飯量,不要硬逼著孩子完成母親規定的標準定量。

讓孩子獨立用餐,稍大些的孩子允許他用自己的方式選擇就餐時間,或自己規定飯量。

2. 可以請孩子的同伴來聚餐。

3. 限制零食,一是數量上,二是時間上(進餐前一小時不吃零食)。

4. 每天必須給孩子一定的運動量(促進血液循環,有助於消化)。

5. 對於突然飯量減少的孩子,母親要細心觀察,是否有胃部不舒服,還是情緒問題。分析原因,有針對地解決。



[B][color="red"]問題四:吃飯慢 [/B]

我的女兒吃飯非常慢,比如早上七點鐘開始進餐,往往要一個多小時才可以把早飯吃好,經常會因為吃飯慢耽擱了我們上班的時間。


[B][color="purple"]原因分析:[/B]

1. 孩子生來就是“慢郎中”性格,生性如此,父母不必一再催促。

2. 進餐細嚼慢嚥是好事,有助於孩子健康。

3. 孩子沒有食欲,吃吃停停,注意力轉移,或是碰到不喜歡吃的食物。

[B][color="Purple"]對症下藥:[/B]

1. 前兩類情況不是問題,但要注意不要使食物涼了,可以採取少盛再添的方法。

2. 沒有食欲就讓孩子少吃。

3. 要注意烹飪的食物使孩子喜歡,易於孩子咀嚼。

[size="5"][color="Cyan"]友情提醒:

一、盡量保持進餐時輕鬆愉快的氣氛,這是增進孩子食欲的基本條件。

孩子拒絕進食,絕對不能強逼他,不妨讓他走開,孩子是不會讓自己每一頓都餓著的,只要堅決不給他吃零食,等他下一頓飯再回到餐桌邊就會大吃一頓,這比嘮嘮叨叨數落而後沒有效果要強得多,如果不起作用,則要進行原因分析,參照以上的幾種進餐狀況研究特定的解決方法。

二、幼小的孩子需要父母的幫助指導,但不要給予過多的建議、提醒和催促,不要忙著給孩子餵飯和夾菜,不要令孩子知道飯桌上任性能引人注意。

三、不要期望孩子每一頓的食量一樣,成人也會因心情不同而吃多吃少,應給予孩子一定的自由度。

四、不要拿著飯碗跟著遷就孩子,要讓他們知道吃飯就必須到餐桌上,但切勿把氣氛搞得嚴肅可怕。

五、進餐時要關注孩子的咀嚼能力,既有利於消化,同時咀嚼也是促進兒童智力發展的一個因素。

研究認為,咀嚼時咬肌反復收縮、弛張可以促進大腦血液循環,咀嚼運動使口腔各種感覺器官興奮,促進智力發育。另外,咀嚼促使消化道的一些分必物增加,可以刺激支配學習和記憶的海馬神經元。
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