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assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 1 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 幫寶寶交朋友-聰明媽媽有一套 - 親子 - 噓!論壇 _ 無忌的論壇 ~ 歡迎芝麻小事,別聊國家大事 ~

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幫寶寶交朋友-聰明媽媽有一套

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幫寶寶交朋友-聰明媽媽有一套

怎樣提高寶寶的EQ,培養他與人交往和溝通的能力,是現代爸媽都想知道的。現在就讓我們一起幫寶寶找朋友吧。

現在的寶寶多是獨生子女,成長中的孤獨與無助非常普遍,不少寶寶在家裡得到家庭成員無微不至的呵護,性格也很開朗,但是在外面與小朋友相處時,卻又變得小心謹慎,不太會與他人交往。

[B][color="Magenta"]找朋友的好處[/B]

寶寶的成長離不開人際交往,寶寶們在一起玩,才能相互學習、不斷發現自我、提高反應;在與人交往過程中可能遇到種種問題,在一次次的衝突中,他們會學習到與人交往的各種方式,提高對外界的理解力和感受能力,這就是寶寶逐漸社會化的過程。

但是,有些寶寶在與人交往過程中只想當觀眾不願做演員,每個寶寶的天性我們不能說是否有對錯,但如果寶寶能更早學會如何與人交往、與人交流溝通,對他們以後心理的健康發展是非常有好處的,爸媽不妨多給寶寶創造這樣的機會。

[B][color="magenta"]案例:[/B]
公園裡,三個年輕媽媽帶著差不多大小的寶寶。其中兩個寶寶很快就找到感興趣的東西,一起玩沙子一起找小花、小草,可是只有小梅一個人拉著媽媽的衣服,遠遠看著他們玩,說什麼都不肯加入小朋友的行列。

小梅媽媽鼓勵她說:「你和大家一起玩好不好?小朋友們也想和你一起玩呢。」那兩個寶寶還小,看了小梅一眼,沒有任何表示,小梅看看媽媽,依然怯怯地站在一邊。

媽媽說:「我們去看看小朋友們發現了什麼秘密。」於是她故作神秘地走上前,看那幾個玩沙子的小朋友們,還和他們一起摘小草埋到沙子裡。小梅看見媽媽和小朋友們一起玩,顯得非常開心,也與他們玩了起來。媽媽不時鼓勵大家,「淇淇的小城堡真棒!小梅的小城堡也開出美麗的花了!我們都是好朋友對嗎?」

玩過沙以後,三個小朋友把小手洗乾淨,一起分享媽媽們帶來的小零食,三個小傢伙很快成了好朋友。小朋友和媽媽們都非常開心。

[B][color="magenta"]幫寶寶找朋友的建議[/B]

[B][color="magenta"]*多增加交往機會[/B]

小梅開始不想加入小朋友的遊戲,只想當觀眾。媽媽巧用小梅的好奇心,親自加入寶寶的遊戲,帶動小梅交往的積極性。媽媽平時能多給寶寶創造一些交往機會,讓寶寶在與人交往的過程中體驗到人與人的差異性與共同性,可以透過學校邀請小朋友到家裡做客或者到小朋友家做客,帶他去寶寶比較多的活動場所。

[B][color="magenta"]*利用寶寶好奇心[/B]

像小梅一樣,寶寶都有著天生的好奇心,他們對外界是敏感而好奇的,渴望表達和交流,但又是小心翼翼害怕受到傷害。寶寶在人際交往過程中的退縮行為,可能是對人際交往或外界環境敏感,害怕會在交往過程中遇到心靈或身體傷害。這時候爸媽要多給寶寶提供安全的交往環境,讓寶寶主動參與小夥伴之間的遊戲,幫助寶寶克服人際交往的畏懼心理,鼓勵寶寶大膽表達自己的感受。

[B][color="magenta"]*給寶寶信心[/B]

小梅與小朋友一起遊戲後,小梅媽媽及時鼓勵小梅與小朋友,無疑給他們建立的新友誼增加了催化劑,讓寶寶在交往過程中能有更多欣賞和包容。欣賞與包容在人際交往過程中非常重要,小寶寶要在不斷的經驗累積中,逐漸內化為自己的人際交往的重要經驗。當寶寶不被接納的時候,更應當多鼓勵他不要怕挫折,可以透過分享零食、玩具等,作為交往的橋樑,逐步提高寶寶與人交往的能力。

[B][color="magenta"]人際發展的特性[/B]

1歲多的寶寶自我意識在逐漸形成,以自我玩耍為主,在交往中會對別人感興趣,但一般不會主動加入;2、3歲的寶寶則喜歡與同齡或者稍大的寶寶一起玩,他們自我控制能力不停在增長,社會性也逐漸增強,交往過程中可能因為志趣相投,逐漸有比較固定的小夥伴,這在寶寶的成長過程中是非常重要的一課。
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