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培育乖寶寶的四個方法

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培育乖寶寶的四個方法

依孩子的天生氣質來教導 用「逼」的讓孩子乖乖就範、看書,應該依孩子的性向,用正確的方式誘導,才能教出真正懂事的孩子喔! 如果要問「乖寶寶」是什麼樣的形象,相信很多人都會這樣形容:聽話、乖巧、不亂跑亂動東西,而這也是許多父母對自家寶貝的期許。

不過,孩子的表現往往不若父母的期盼,有些孩子更彷彿一刻也安定不下來,吃飯時也要開口說話;交代他到醫院要安靜,孩子卻還是在走廊跑了起來,常常讓父母既生氣又煩惱:這樣的孩子將來怎麼乖乖坐下來讀書呢!?父母無須過早擔心未來學齡期的適應問題,只要依孩子的質性加以誘導,並安排規律的活動時間,就能培養孩子看場合來約束自己。

[B][color="Purple"]我的孩子為什麼就是靜不下來?

天生氣質決定孩子的活動量、內向或外向[/B]

有些孩子生來安靜愛看書,有些孩子偏偏喜歡成天往外跑,這都跟孩子的天生氣質有關係。因此,家有好動兒的家長不要以為孩子是故意跟你唱反調,而家有文靜兒的媽咪,也不必擔心孩子不若一般小孩好動就是自閉兒。

[B][color="purple"]大小肌肉群正值發育期[/B]

另外一個造成孩子活潑好動的原因,乃是學齡前的孩子活力十足,而且他們的小肌肉與大肌肉都正在發育,若限制不讓他們跑跑跳跳,他們會「手腳發癢」,任憑父母怎麼罵也做不住!所以說,活動也是一種發育上的需求,才能夠充分鍛鍊大小肌肉群,以便適應未來的各種學習與運動。

[B][color="purple"]如何讓好動兒聽話?[/B]

看著孩子不同地動來動去、跑來跑去、爬高爬低,甚至開口喊叫,常常讓媽咪、爸比覺得「很煩」,為什麼孩子就非得這樣動,從來不肯安靜地坐著五分鐘!?其實,父母焦慮又生氣地制止,會容易得到反效果,好動的孩子會越不肯靜下來,用更強烈的動作,例如喊叫得更大聲、跑得更遠等,來表達他的意見。建議父母用以下的方法來引導。

[color="purple"][B]方式一:適當安排親子共同的體能活動[/B]

既然孩子喜歡動,那麼就依照他的需要,安排一些可以消耗體力的活動,而且最好是可以親子共同參與的,以增加親子互動、親蜜感,對於日後的輔導、教導也都有助益。可以安排像是:協助爸比一起整理家裡的盆栽、幫媽咪一起擦地板、親子夏令營、家庭游泳隊……等等。

[B][color="purple"]方式二:轉移目標,化體力為學習的動力[/B]

平常可以趁著空閒時帶孩子去散步,並且多認識週遭環境。孩子無法靜下來坐著,那麼就讓他站著去認識大自然與環境,也是另一種上自然課與社會課的好時機喔!一邊走路,一邊看看天上變化多端的雲朵;一邊聊天一邊數看看行道樹又新栽了幾棵;遇見路邊玩耍的小狗,就告訴孩子不要打擾、傷害小動物,就不會受到傷害。只要處處留心,每天都能給自己跟小寶貝上新課程喔!

[B][color="purple"]方式三:按部就班,一步一步來[/B]

好動的孩子通常注意力都不容易集中,玩機器人才玩五分鐘,馬上就又被隔壁的電視卡通聲干擾,馬上拿起遙控器要開電視了!這樣的孩子,當家長要交代、教導他們去完成事情時,必須花更多的時間、耐心來講解,孩子才能聽得懂。因此,家長應一次只交代一件事,而且務必講解清楚,或者自己分步驟做一遍給孩子看,在教導時切勿急躁,才不會讓孩子沒有耐心去聽、去學著做。

[B][color="purple"]方式四:培養規律的生活習慣[/B]

好動、好玩的孩子一心就只愛跑跑跳跳,常常一放學就丟下書包出去玩,對於功課容易忘東忘西,所以培養好動寶寶的規律生活愈形重要。什麼時間可以遊戲,什麼時間可以看電視,哪時可以出去玩、幾點該吃飯、何時該做功課……等生活例行工作,都必須有清楚的規範,並且跟孩子共同訂定,務必遵守,再加上獎懲辦法來輔助,才能讓孩子弄清楚該做、可做、與不可。

[B][color="purple"]叮嚀[/B]

常聽到很多媽咪在教導孩子時,會說「你看隔壁的小寶都比你乖,會安靜看書,你為什麼做不到?」其實,建議家長最好別用比較的方式來教育,以免讓孩子產生不平衡的情緒,反而以跟媽咪唱反調來表達不滿,可就更難糾正了。只要多用些耐心,並多體諒孩子的需要與心情,好動寶寶也能夠是愛讀書的小狀元喔!
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