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assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 Notice: Use of undefined constant tags - assumed 'tags' in /websites/forum2008/viewthread.php(601) : regexp code on line 2 神經病和精神病有什麼不一樣? - 健康 - 噓!論壇 _ 無忌的論壇 ~ 歡迎芝麻小事,別聊國家大事 ~

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神經病和精神病有什麼不一樣?

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神經病和精神病有什麼不一樣?

壹: 神經病和精神病有什麼不一樣?
神經病是神經系統出了疾病,例如腦或周圍神經有問題因此產生病痛;精神病是精神方面出現了症狀。有些人常罵人神經病,意指有精神方面的症狀。

二: 神經病會不會變成精神病?
神經系統有疾病,尤其是大腦有疾病,例如腦外傷、腦發炎、身體疾病或濫用毒品等導致大腦嚴重傷害也會發生精神病。

三:哪些人較會發生精神病?
1、遺傳基因:尤其是父母或兄弟姊妹有精神病

2、生物學:大腦分祕某些神經化學物質,例如哆巴氨(dopamine)、血清素(serotonin)

3、心理社會環境因素:例如某些人因心理因素、或環境影響、抗壓性不足等等

四:精神病的發生,男女有不一樣?
男女的發生率大約相同
五:精神病的發作年齡大約幾歲?

大部分約在青春期前後,大致在二十歲左右發作,其他也會在三十歲左右,年齡越大發生的機率就越少。

六:什麽是精神疾患的症狀?
精神症狀是綜合性的表現,必需整體綜合性的判斷。大致說,在急性發作期,約一個月以上,幾乎每天大部份重要的時間會出現下面的精神症狀:

1、意識:清楚

2、對人的態度:有多方面不同的表現,例如:冷漠、愛理不理、仇視、不友善、反之,卻過份的熱情等等。

3、表情:平淡、呆滯、遲鈍、面無表情、不茍言笑、甚或兇猛。

4、情緒:從非常低落到極度高昂都會出現。

5、語言:一句話都不說、或喃喃自語、自言自語、語無倫次、胡說八道、甚或誇大其辭、威脅兇惡的話語等。

6、思考:迂迴、鬆散、或中斷、内容空洞或貧乏、甚或奇奇怪怪的思想、不合現實情況、不合邏輯、妄想、常見的有被迫害妄想、誇大妄想等。

7、行為:遲滯、呆若木雞、到處遊蕩、甚或兇猛、暴力、破壞、攻擊等異常行為。

8、知覺:較常見的有聽幻覺,會聽到別人在批評、討論或罵或說他或她的事、甚或會聽到神明或鬼或外星人對談或指揮、命令的聲音,其它也會有視幻覺等。

9、職業、社會、學業、家庭功能:逐漸退化,例如本來工作還算正常,卻突然無能力做下去,或工作沒多久就一再換別的工作甚或就不想工作了。

10、病識感:否認自己有精神疾患。

七:精神疾患可以不治療嗎?
精神疾患一定要越早發現越早治療,否則會越來嚴重越來越退化,尤其有被害妄症、暴力、攻擊傾向的精神症狀,如不加以治療後果可能會出現嚴重的結果。另一方面也要預防精神症狀的患者自残或自殺。
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