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學童若偏食 成績表現差

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學童若偏食 成績表現差

偏食、不愛吃正餐,還猛吃高油脂、高甜度的零食或飲料,只會發胖而已嗎?一項針對國小學童的研究發現,如果學童偏食,甜食油炸類攝取過高,且奶、蛋、魚、肉、蔬果類吃得不夠的話,在校整體成績表現不良的風險性,足足是不挑食學童的近五倍之多。


這項「學童對食物的喜好與攝取頻率對其在校整體能力表現之關係探討」研究,是行政院衛生署委託中研院,以隨機方式,對全台2496名、6歲至12歲國小學童,到府親自訪問,每名學童並由導師填寫學習量表。


研究發現,學童若不喜歡吃蔬菜、水果、肉、奶類等營養性食品者,或喜好高油脂、高糖零食、飲料等垃圾食物者,在校整體能力表現不良的危險性顯著增加;值得注意的是,沒有養成天天吃早餐習慣的學童,也有相同風險。


中央研究院生物醫學科學研究所研究員潘文涵表示,根據研究發現,如果高營養性食品吃不夠,卻攝取過多巧克力、零食、速食麵、含糖飲料的學童,無論在智力、學業成績、學習動機、同儕支持、個人衛生或校外活動興趣等項目評比上,整體表現不佳的風險,是一般學童的4.94倍。


進一步以「甜食油炸類」、「高營養類」及「奶類」的個別攝取量均不均衡來看,任兩類攝取失衡的學童,學業整體表現不良的風險,也高出二至三倍。不過,如果學童平常便會額外攝取維他命、礦物質等補充劑,有助提升在校整體能力的表現。


潘文涵說,有鑑於此,父母親應該多多注意學童的飲食習慣,最好能主動加強營養知識,進而去敦促、改善學童的飲食內容,這樣才能提升學童在校整體能力表現,也是解決相關問題不可忽視的重要關鍵。
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