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如何理解:孩子自言自語

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如何理解:孩子自言自語

3歲的天天一個人玩的時候總是嘴裏唧唧咕咕地說個不停,有時候是對著書本或玩具說。旁人也都聽不清她說什麼,也弄不明白她在想些什麼。媽媽很擔心,她究竟在跟誰說話?難道是得了自閉症?

其實,這樣的擔心是多餘的。自言自語是3歲孩子中很普遍的正常現象。

3歲,正是幼兒語言發展從外部語言過渡到內部語言的關鍵階段,自言自語其實正是她將外部語言轉為內部語言的一種表現,這其實是她們把內心思考的內容用語言表達了出來。3歲孩子的思維能力正在飛快地發展,但並未成熟,所以他們無法像成人那樣只用大腦思考就可以了,她需要具體地語言來幫助自己思考,慢慢地理順思路。所以你就會發現她經常地“自言自語”。

“唧唧咕咕”地說個不停
孩子自言自語的內容往往包括很多不同的形式:
問題語言。這是孩子日常遇到新奇事物或者不知道該怎麼辦時所產生的疑問。比如畫畫的時候她可能會尋找蠟筆:“咦,蠟筆到哪里去了?”或者考慮用畫什麼,怎麼畫:“這朵花用什麼顏色好呢?”“這是小兔子的長耳朵……紅眼睛……”這些資訊可能是以前她曾經看到過,聽到過的,現在她通過語言來再次喚起記憶並強化它們。

故事語言。孩子在遊戲中,隨著遊戲的進展需要做很多思維活動。孩子在遊戲中,會思考自己要先做什麼,再做什麼,這本是一個思考的過程,但是她會把自己要做的一件件事情,像講故事一樣說出來。比如玩過家家,她可能會說“我先給娃娃穿上衣服……然後洗臉刷牙……好,現在我們一起去散步吧……”

發現孩子經常自言自語,不必擔憂,但是這是她思維發展的重要階段,也是她學習語言的有利時機,可以善加利用:

要多跟孩子說說話,可以隨時隨地告訴她一些常識:這是什麼,那是什麼幹什麼用的,我為什麼這樣做……

時而給孩子提一些她力所能及的簡單的問題,讓她自己思考並作出回答。

講故事可以增強孩子思維的連貫性和邏輯性,也是訓練語言的好途徑。講完故事要讓孩子談談自己的想法,可以請她來給故事設計不同的結局,還可以先幫助他一起把故事簡要地復述出來,最終達到獨立講述的程度。
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